Dr Johns first developed the ESS for adults in and subsequently modified it slightly in He developed it so he could assess the ‘daytime sleepiness’ of. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) is a questionnaire widely used in German [5], Chinese [6], [7], Japanese [8], Turkish [9], Italian [10], and Greek [11]. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale: translation and validation study of the Iranian version. Italian version of the Epworth sleepiness scale: external validity. Neurol.

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A new method for measuring daytime sleepiness: There may be circumstances in which this recall period needs to be specified more accurately.

The ESS score the sum of 8 item-scores is the only number required under most circumstances. The particular questions included in the ESS were chosen on a priori grounds to represent activities with a wide range of different somnificities. Neurological Sciences23 6 Several of sleepinesw modified versions of the ESS have been shown to be internally consistent eg. Plasmatic oxidative stress biomarkers in multiple sclerosis: It has been shown repeatedly that this is not a close relationship, statistically significant in some but not all reports eg.

The Epworth Sleepiness Scale: Sleep Wake Disorders Search for additional papers on this topic. AU – Dolso, P. Italian version of the Epworth sleepiness scale: Evaluation of the measurement properties of the Epworth sleepiness scale: AU – Puca, F. Gender and age have little effect on ESS scores among adults, but ethnicity does. AU – Brancasi, B. The copyright prohibits any changes to the ESS, except under special circumstances sleepniess with written permission.

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Reliability and validity of a Norwegian version of the Epworth sleepiness scale. The activities in both questionnaires have the same relative somnificities. However, the results of many of those earlier investigations cannot be directly compared with one another because they used different questionnaires.

BenbadisEd MaschaMichael C. Use of the Epworth sleepiness scale in Chinese patients with obstructive sleep apnea and normal hospital employees.

In the latter investigations there has been one dominant factor, as well as one or two minor factors with Eigenvalues not much above 1. It is available in many different languages. AU – Ubiali, E.

Epworth Sleepiness Scale — General Intensive Care Unit

Rasch analysis of ESS item-scores has enabled differences between the items to be assessed at the same time as differences between people, based on Item Response Theory.

Russi Respiration; international review of thoracic…. AU – Spaggiari, C.

Within the context of a multicentric national study on narcolepsy Gruppo Italiano Narcolessia Studio Epidemiologico Nazionale, GINSEN involving 17 Italian sleep centres, we compared the two diagnostic tests on 91 prospectively recruited subjects with suspected EDS 34 with narcolepsy, 16 with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, 19 with idiopathic hypersomnia, and 22 with other sleep, neurologic or psychiatric disorders.

Topics Discussed in This Paper. AU – Zanotta, N. epwortn

However, some people cannot decide on one number and report half-values. AU – Barbato, A. The ESS is not a diagnostic tool by itself.

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Sleep disorders in patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing dialysis therapy. However, more evidence is needed to be sure that a similar reference range applies to other populations. Showing of 20 references. Portuguese-language version of the Epworth sleepiness scale: The ESS is not a check-list for identifying those situations in which the respondent most frequently dozes during the day.


The ESS score is highly variable when administered sequentially to a clinical population being evaluated for a potential sleep related breathing disorder. Correlations among Epworth Sleepiness Scale scores, multiple sleep latency tests and psychological symptoms.

The ESS-CHAD is very similar to the adult ESS, but with minor changes to the instructions and descriptions of some of the activities, making them more easily comprehended and more likely to be within the experience of children and adolescents. AU – Della Marca, G. AU – Ferri, R. AU – Viscardi, M. From This Paper Figures, tables, and topics from this paper. AU – Pauletto, G.

Italian version of the Epworth sleepiness scale: external validity

In addition, none of the previously modified versions of the ESS was authorised by the copyright holder. Because ESS item-scores are based on subjective reports, they can be influenced by the same sources of bias and inaccuracy as any other such reports.

For the ESS to remain useful internationally it is important that it is standardised and not modified. See sample copy below. AU – Panicucci, P. Validation of symptoms related to excessive daytime sleepiness. The American Thoracic Society improves global health by advancing research, patient care, and public health in pulmonary disease, critical illness, and sleep disorders.

Lung Disease Week AU – Sartori, I.