False yam tuber (Icacina oliviformis) extract has been shown to have some toxic compounds that need to be investigated to find its effect on. Common Name:False yam. Description. The Icacinaceae are a family of flowering plants, consisting of trees, shrubs, and lianas, primarily of the tropics. False yam (Icacina oliviformis syn. Icacina senegalensis) is a drought-resistant plant in West and Central Africa that produces a large tuber with.
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Icacina claesensi Called kukbukumbu in Congo. Toxicological Studies Although widely eaten, there exist some safety concerns about the seeds and tubers, at least of some species. Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available. Looking for other ways to read this? To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.
The plant can be troublesome in savanna lands and along roadsides. The volume describes 24 little-known indigenous African cultivated and wild fruits that have potential as food- and cash-crops but are typically overlooked by scientists, policymakers, and icacona world at large. Thus, there is a need to build a ollviformis of reliable knowledge by collecting both knowledge and germplasm, and comparing different features such as fruit size and flavor, seed size and palatability, resistance to pests and diseases, rate of growth, and other important horticultural attributes.
The fruit is reportedly eaten in Congo. Roots, too, can contain toxins unless properly processed.
Although the plant is essentially unknown to agronomists, horticulturists, or even the technical literature, several million people rely at various times upon its three different products: Moreover, better methods of handling the tubers are also needed. I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following license:. Login or Register to save! The flesh is white and is usually speckled with yellow spots corresponding to bundles of free xylem. The usable portion is about 80 percent starch and a crucial resource during famines.
Both tubers and seeds contain bitter compounds that must be washed out. Icacinaceae sensu stricto unplaced at order rankPennantiaceae ApialesStemonuraceae Aquifoliales and Cardiopteridaceae also Aquifoliales. They are soaked several days, boiled in new water, dried, dehusked, and ground. In the exploration of this possibility lie fascinating challenges to researchers, entrepreneurs, and other pioneer movers and shakers.
The emetic, antihepatotoxic, and antinephrotoxic effects of an extract from Icacina trichantha. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. The tubers, too, are used in the form of flour. Description Icacina senegalensis MS Although untouched by agronomic science, the plant is already widespread and depended on by millions. Upland Areas Potential here is unknown, but perhaps worth finding out. The seeds are steeped for a week in water, which is changed each morning to remove bitter elements.
Each fruit is also described in a separate chapter, based on information provided and assessed by experts throughout the world. Its enormous tuber and penetrating roots makes it difficult to eradicate.
Within Africa Humid Areas The bright red fruit of icacina contains a sweet, sought- Prospects here are high.
Seeds In one analysis, flour extracted from the seeds was about 13 percent moisture, 72 percent carbohydrate, and 8 olivifomis protein, with little fat about 0. Its fruits, seeds and tubers are all edible, at least after proper preparation. In part, this resource has also suffered because it is a shrub. Summary ixacina edit ] Description Icacina senegalensis MS People truly enjoy the fruits as well as the seeds, which represent a permanent, reliable, and very tasty food.
7 ICACINA | Lost Crops of Africa: Volume III: Fruits | The National Academies Press
Beyond Africa Prospects here are probably low. Though traditional preparations icacuna the plant seem palatable and safe, new-comers should beware until food- processing research reveals more than is currently ocacina. False yam Descri ption The Icacinaceae are a family of flowering plantsicscina of treesshrubsand lianasprimarily of the tropics. Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Ready to take your reading offline? For a wild and untended plant, these are remarkable amounts.
Indeed, it has a future as both a subsistence and commercial crop. Although an especially hardy life form, shrubs are generally neglected in development activities. Seeds are normally boiled and eaten directly, but can also be redried for further storage or pounded into powder like cassava or sorghum. The following page uses this file: But at present no one knows those capabilities for icacina. Owing to their size and the fact that they can penetrate far below the surface, they are difficult to dig out.