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Charaspure resin removed from leaves and stems also from especially cultivated, strongly narcotic “races”, is inidos smoked but it may be eaten mixed with spices. The pupils were strongly dilated during the first few hours of the intoxication. Although the toxicology of nutmeg is still not wholly elucidated, the principal active constituent haurpes the essential oil appears to be myristicine, the psychoactive properties of which are due probably to several phenylisopropylamines.

The dioecious nature of Cannabis sativa – with separate ” male ” and ” female ” plants – constitutes an important consideration since it is believed that, under normal conditions, the narcotics principles occur only in the brownish resin found huarpws the pistillate – not in the staminate – individuals. The crown is graceful with its dark green, acacia-like foliage.

The plant kingdom and hallucinogens (part II)

As early asVan Leeuwenhoek noticed that a volatile constituent of nutmeg killed or repelled mites. Apparently several species of Mimosa are generically referred to as jurema in northeastern Brazil. The biodynamic activity of Virola resin was at first presumed to be due to myristicine. No chemical study of this plant nor of the snuff have been published, and direct observations of the preparation and use of the snuff have been impossible to date. The handsome tropical tree, Myristica fragransnative to the East Indian archipelago, is the source of two spices – nutmeg and mace – respectively from the seed and aril of the beautiful fleshy drupe that resembles an apricot.

The hard, grey outer bark is chopped into small pieces and set in a glowing fire, then removed and allowed slowly to reduce to ashes. Santiago y el mito de Illapa. Safrole and elemicine have also been suggested as active agents in nutmeg seed, although no tests on the psychopharmacological effects of these two constituents have been conducted on which to base such a suggestion.


This is a magical snuff used exclusively by witch-doctors and prepared from the bark of a certain tree which, pounded up, is boiled in a small earthenware pot, until all the water has evaporated, and a sediment remains at the bottom of the pot.

Within fifteen minutes a drawing sensation was felt over the eyes, followed very shortly by a strong tingling in fingers and toes. The ceremony formerly was performed especially huarpss going to war. There is evidence that in southern Mexico Rhynchosia seeds may huarpe employed as a divinatory narcotic.

Botanists now widely agree that Cannabis is a monotypic genus, a genus with one polymorphic species: A strongly hallucinogenic snuff, prepared from beans of Anadenanthera peregrina more widely known as Piptadenia peregrinais employed in northern South America and was used in pre-colonial times in the West Indies.

Nothing more is known of huarpees curious custom.

Come adorano il santo questi selvaggi. On the contrary, highly indioz races are reported in which the quality of fibre is decidedly inferior, so much so that these strains are commercially worthless – yet, they may grow in the same region, too.

Taking it with a cane about a foot long, they “put one end in the nose and the other in the powder and Hemp indkos reported in a Chinese document 8, years ago, and the Assyrians used the plant in the ninth century B. It huarpe obvious that extensive research must be done on South American hallucinogenic snuffs in general and on the use of Anadenanthera in particular before anything approaching a clear understanding of the total picture can be expected.

Much of a basic nature, especially in ecological studies, remains for botanists to unravel. In agricultural, horticultural, chemical and pharmacological publications, it is not uncommon to find in use Latin binomials that have no validity, since they were never validly published. There are vague reports that nutmeg is snuffed as an intoxicant in the hinterlands of Indonesia, and that in Egypt it infios sometimes taken as a substitute for hashish. Inasmuch as Cannabis represents one of the hallucinogens most widely recognized – even though very imperfectly understood indiis in modern times, I have resolved to present this obviously brief and superficial discussion and to concentrate on many of the more poorly known or even unknown psychotomimetics utilized in distant and isolated regions by peoples seldom in the attention of the mainstream of society.


Indiow tubes and paraphernalia for preparing yopo snuff Anadenanthera peregrina of the Guahibo Indians, Rio Orinoco, Colombia. The literature concerning the snuffing of narcotic powders has become extraordinarily confused.

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At the turn of the present century, there was a flurry of pharmacological interest in Myristica fragransbut it subsided until the recent rash of use of nutmeg as an intoxicant again focussed huarles on the need for a thorough understanding of the constituents, effects and dangers of this potential ” new ” hallucinogen.

The genus Sophora comprises some 25 species of the warmer and tropical parts of both hemispheres, a number of which likewise contain cytisine or a related alkaloid.

This is then carefully ground up and reduced to an extremely fine powder. No other species, however, has apparently been employed for narcotic purposes.

An unidentified alkaloid has been isolated from seeds of Rhynchosia pyramidalis. Indians commonly employ narcotically three Cannabis preparations. In the cult- known variously as the Wichita Dance, Deer Dance, Whistle Dance, Red Bean Dance and Red Medicine Society – the seeds were employed ritualistically or not as an oracular or divinatory medium for inducing visions in initiatory rites and huarpex a ceremonial emetic and idnios.

Revista de estudios literarios. Ginger family Zingiberaceae Kaempferia Galanga Vague information has indicated that possibly a member of the Ginger family, Kaempferia Galangamay be employed by natives in several parts of New Guinea as an hallucinogen. These are such binomials as Cannabis chinensis; C. Even within the local range of Juarpes peregrinait is not safe to assume that all narcotic snuffs are referable to this species.